Feb 27

简单街分析oracle的Nologging到底何时才能生效? 不指定

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最初的问题是这个帖子:

http://www.itpub.net/showthread.php?threadid=239905

请大家仔细看那些测试的例子.

看了Tom的解释,始终觉得牵强.
开始以为可能是bug
经过观察和测试,终于发现了Nologging的秘密


  

我们知道,Nologging只在很少情况下生效
通常,DML操作总是要生成redo的

这个我们不多说.

关于Nologging和append,一直存在很多误解.
经过一系列研究,终于发现了Nologging的真相.

我们来看一下测试:

1.Nologging的设置跟数据库的运行模式有关

a.数据库运行在非归档模式下:  

 

 

SQL> archive log list; Database log mode              No Archive Mode Automatic archival             Enabled Archive destination            /opt/oracle/oradata/hsjf/archive Oldest online log sequence     155 Current log sequence           157  SQL> @redo SQL> create table test as select * from dba_objects where 1=0;  Table created.  SQL> select * from redo_size;       VALUE ----------      63392  SQL>  SQL> insert into test select * from dba_objects;  10470 rows created.  SQL> select * from redo_size;       VALUE ----------    1150988  SQL>  SQL> insert /*+ append */ into test select * from dba_objects;  10470 rows created.  SQL> select * from redo_size;       VALUE ----------    1152368  SQL> select (1152368 -1150988) redo_append,(1150988 -63392) redo from dual;  REDO_APPEND       REDO ----------- ----------        1380    1087596  SQL> drop table test;  Table dropped.       

我们看到在Noarchivelog模式下,对于常规表的insert append只产生少量redo

b.在归档模式下

 

 

 

SQL> shutdown immediate Database closed. Database dismounted. ORACLE instance shut down. SQL> startup mount ORACLE instance started.  Total System Global Area  235999908 bytes Fixed Size                   451236 bytes Variable Size             201326592 bytes Database Buffers           33554432 bytes Redo Buffers                 667648 bytes Database mounted.  SQL> alter database archivelog;  Database altered.  SQL> alter database open;  Database altered.  SQL> @redo SQL> create table test as select * from dba_objects where 1=0;  Table created.  SQL> select * from redo_size;       VALUE ----------      56288  SQL>  SQL> insert into test select * from dba_objects;  10470 rows created.  SQL> select * from redo_size;       VALUE ----------    1143948  SQL>  SQL> insert /*+ append */ into test select * from dba_objects;  10470 rows created.  SQL> select * from redo_size;       VALUE ----------    2227712  SQL> select (2227712 -1143948) redo_append,(1143948 -56288) redo from dual;  REDO_APPEND       REDO ----------- ----------     1083764    1087660  SQL> drop table test;  Table dropped.       
  

 

我们看到在归档模式下,对于常规表的insert append产生和insert同样的redo
此时的insert  append实际上并不会有性能提高.
但是此时的append是生效了的

通过Logmnr分析日志得到以下结果:

 

 

SQL> select operation,count(*)   2  from v$logmnr_contents    3  group by operation;  OPERATION                          COUNT(*) -------------------------------- ---------- COMMIT                                   17 DIRECT INSERT                         10470    INTERNAL                                 49 START                                    17                                           1         
  

 

我们注意到这里是DIRECT INSERT,而且是10470条记录,也就是每条记录都记录了redo.

2.对于Nologging的table的处理

a. 在归档模式下:

 

 

SQL> create table test nologging as select * from dba_objects where 1=0;  Table created.  SQL> select * from redo_size;       VALUE ----------    2270284  SQL>  SQL> insert into test select * from dba_objects;  10470 rows created.  SQL> select * from redo_size;       VALUE ----------    3357644  SQL>  SQL> insert /*+ append */ into test select * from dba_objects;  10470 rows created.  SQL> select * from redo_size;       VALUE ----------    3359024  SQL> select (3359024 -3357644) redo_append,(3357644 - 2270284) redo from dual;  REDO_APPEND       REDO ----------- ----------        1380    1087360  SQL> drop table test;  Table dropped.         
  

 

我们注意到,只有append才能减少redo

b.在非归档模式下:

 

 

SQL> shutdown immediate Database closed. Database dismounted. ORACLE instance shut down. SQL> startup mount ORACLE instance started.  Total System Global Area  235999908 bytes Fixed Size                   451236 bytes Variable Size             201326592 bytes Database Buffers           33554432 bytes Redo Buffers                 667648 bytes Database mounted. SQL> alter database noarchivelog;  Database altered.  SQL> alter database open;  Database altered.  SQL> @redo SQL> create table test nologging as select * from dba_objects where 1=0;  Table created.  SQL> select * from redo_size;       VALUE ----------      56580  SQL>  SQL> insert into test select * from dba_objects;  10470 rows created.  SQL> select * from redo_size;       VALUE ----------    1144148  SQL>  SQL> insert /*+ append */ into test select * from dba_objects;  10470 rows created.  SQL> select * from redo_size;       VALUE ----------    1145528  SQL> select (1145528 -1144148) redo_append,(1144148 -56580) redo from dual;  REDO_APPEND       REDO ----------- ----------        1380    1087568  SQL>           
  

 同样只有append才能减少redo的生成.

这就是通常大家认识的情况.

-The End-

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